El enólogo: Un roce al paso

El envero y el agostamiento

Dos términos muy significativos en la terminología de la viticultura y que quiero hoy aclarar a nuestros curiosos lectores son: Envero. Es el momento en el que se produce un cambio en el color de las uvas, de forma que las variedades tintas se colorean con  pigmentos rojos y azulados, mientras que las variedades blancas, se vuelven rubias o amarillas. Esto viene a ocurrir por estas fechas o antes, según sea la climatología del año,  sin embargo, en otras latitudes mas frías, ocurre más tarde, o a la inversa en las más cálidas.

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Agostar o Agostamiento.  La palabra es muy explícita e indica el periodo del año en el que ocurre. Los llamados sarmientos son los pámpanos de primavera o tallos verdes sobre los que se desarrollan las hojas y la floración. El pámpano o tallo joven y verde, crece a gran velocidad, unos 5 centímetros diarios. En el verano, todo en la planta de  la vid madura y se produce el agostamiento del pámpano, que pasa de ser un brote herbáceo a ser un órgano leñoso al que se le llamará sarmiento.

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Creo que con lo expuesto y un par de fotos, tendréis una buena idea de los múltiples fenómenos físicos y transformaciones bioquímicas que la planta produce con enorme sencillez, obra que el hombre todavía no es capaz de reproducir.

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End of Harvest and Organic (Eco) Paradox

Fin de vendimia

In the middle of August, the hardest months of the year, when the sun and the crisis are felt more, I was told by a good friend of mine with deep convictions that, despite of all uncertainties, we have abundance around us. At first glance it left me somehow confused, but much later, when I opened a water tap and filled with excess my needs, then I understood his words. I understood that wealth is out there where ever you want to search for it.

The harvest this year has been somewhat scarce everywhere, although nature has dedicated great efforts and the plants have given out everything of themselves to provide the best quality for a final product and in this case I see again the generosity of natural resources, provided man do not demand too to much from the plants. And the question arises again ?Abundance ? Yes, Nature gives away everything it has and more…

There are several reasons why this year’s production has been weakened: one was being the summer so dry that has conditioned the vine. The second was for the dreaded Mildew, a fungus that strongly proliferates when temperature and humidity conditions are appropriate, this will outcome the harvest.

How it has affected us? Nothing bad has happened to us and I call this phenomenon “The Organic (eco) Paradox”, the fact is fascinating, and this is an issue that scholars who deal with pests should pronounce themselves. In our case only the ecological preventive measures we have done, has given us the results that Mildew did not develop in our vines, but other neighbors and in our vicinity regions that have treated their vines with curing and preventing systemic products, that means penetrating chemical products that circulates through the vascular pathways of the plant, had suffered the plague and some to a large extent.

Los rigores de la ciencia no permiten sacar conclusiones hasta no haber observado el mismo fenómeno por lo menos en tres experiencias. Pero yo, lejos del mundo de la investigación, creo que el hecho es lo suficientemente significativo como para plantear esta paradoja y dirigirme en particular al sabio profesor Donato Herranz, conocedor de todos los bichos que nos acechan, que fue quien me inspiró y me dio las herramientas para ser ecológico. Donato, por favor, danos una explicación…  

The rigors of science do not allow to withdraw any conclusions from this fact until it has been observed the same phenomenon in at least three different experiences (three years.) But me, being away from the research center, I think this fact is sufficiently significant to raise a question about the paradox and I address the question to Professor Donato Herranz, he knows all what has to be known about bugs and vine pests; in his lectures he was the first who inspired me and gave me the tools to be Organic(Eco) producer.. Donato, please give us an explanation to the Paradox …

And the other question is: How is it coming this year vintage?, Honestly I have no magic crystal ball, but everything looks good so far, analytics are great, amazing color and aromas, but you know … until the wine isn’t bottled and tightly corked, I don’t like to say much…

We will talk again soon,

So long.

Carlos

Carlos y Pasca

This post in Spanish: Fin de Vendimia y la Paradoja Ecológica

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Summer forecast weather 2011

Carlos en el viñedo

And … the summer came with threats of being hot … So far we have had higher peak temperatures than usual for this time of the year, but … how wonderful nature is!!! What at first glance was something to fear about, it has turned out to be a benefit to us … I’ll explain it… I’m especially thinking on people that like to understand why things happen.

The spring was very generous in rainfall and the temperatures rose to appealing warmth of 25 degrees Celsius; those factors are the threats to organic farming. With such information the farmer’s legs start shaking because the peril of the mildew fungus coming alive. Such microorganism exists all over the vineyards, but it only awakens from his slumber and come to life when humidity and temperature are in favor for the growth. As a fearful farmer, I acted immediately in order to prevent the spread of the fungus, I applied the methods recommended in organic farming , and then we had the help of the temperature raising up suddenly exceeding 35 degrees, which is the limit for the development of the dreaded mildew. As a result of this, the problem of the mildew disappeared in our vineyard.

Once again, as it has been along the 20 years I’ve been taking care of the vineyard, nature has always favored me, only once I had experienced a hailstorm that turned me down, but that was an accident.

I get admired to witness the phenomenon of life repeating itself year after year, in its most natural way. First, awaking the vines in spring time, later, in the process of grape growth, synthesis of nutrients, minerals, acids, salts, etc. Ending with the maturity period, change the color of the skin, acquisition of sugars and losing some of the acids. We could summarize all this, by comparing it with a full scale laboratory extracting the wealth from the earth, giving us the best product the vine can produce.

Otherwise everything goes well in the vineyard; the grapes are larger than pea size and growing well … we are just waiting for a good end of summer to get top class grapes.

El verde del viñedo

After this miracle of life we can only say, “Thanks to Mother Nature for your giving’s”

Finally one more point to be said about this experience, and that is the thought that Nature will continue producing wealth only if we preserve the environment”! It is our responsibility and duty to be the guardian of our heritage and the preservers for future generations.

This post in Spanish: Verano 2011

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Trip to Africa and Roce por Madrid

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(Español) La poda de la vid

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